Phase I and II ESA
One of the biggest challenges buyers face when purchasing a property is evaluating what operations have taken place which might have an affect on environmental quality. It is especially important to know whether contamination exists prior to purchase, because once the property changes hands, the obligation for cleanup usually rests with the new owner. HSA Golden has performed countless Phase I and II Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs) to address exactly this unknown. These assessments are essentially a “baseline physical,” an evaluation of past and present conditions at and near the property which may indicate the presence of contamination.
PHASE I ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT
Whether the property you are looking to purchase is in Florida or anywhere else in the United States, HSA Golden’s Phase I ESAs are performed in accordance with ASTM E1527-13 and EPA’s All Appropriate Inquiries Final Rule, 40 CFR Part 312. The specific purpose of a Phase I ESA is to identify Recognized Environmental Conditions (RECs) associated with the site. ASTM defines a REC as: The presence or likely presence of any hazardous substances or petroleum products in, on, or at a property (1) due to release to the environment, (2) under conditions indicative of a release to the environment, or (3) under conditions that pose a material threat of future release to the environment.
The Phase I ESA includes a review of readily available information, such as historical aerial photographs, environmental databases, and previous property ownership, combined with a reconnaissance of the site and surrounding area. If RECs are identified when performing a Phase I ESA, and it is unknown whether these RECs may have negatively impacted soil, surface water, groundwater, or sediment, a Phase II ESA is typically recommended.
PHASE II ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT
While every site is different, most Phase II ESAs will involve collection of some kind of sample(s) for chemical analysis from the medium (or media) suspected to be impacted by contamination. Samples can be collected via various methodologies that include, but are not limited to, drilling soil borings (either using hand-operated or machine-operated equipment), installation of groundwater monitoring wells, installation of soil gas probes, or direct collection of air/gas samples. HSA Golden’s staff are fully equipped with all the necessary sampling equipment and instrumentation to successfully complete the field sampling component of a Phase II ESA. All samples collected are chemically analyzed by laboratories certified to perform the analyses in the particular state where the samples are collected.
HSA Golden personnel will carefully review the laboratory analytical data and compare the reported concentrations to applicable regulatory criteria. If contaminant concentrations exceed regulatory limits, recommendations for additional testing may be made to determine the extents of the contamination. This information is needed before an estimate of cleanup costs can be accurately predicted and is critical in making informed decisions as to whether to proceed with purchasing a property. For example, knowing the extent of petroleum-impacted soil or groundwater at a site will factor heavily when negotiating the selling price and the terms of the sale.
WE ARE HERE TO HELP
Hiring the right environmental engineering and consulting firm to perform a Phase I or II ESA is just as important as having a well-qualified lawyer draft the sales contracts, or as having an experienced doctor perform a physical examination. You want to make sure you know as much as possible about a property and all the potential risks associated with it prior to closing. Whether the property is one acre or 10,000 acres, our team of professionals at HSA Golden are ready to assist you with your project.
Please find below some of our Phase I and II ESA projects which we’ve completed over the years. We’re always adding more projects, so please check back from time to time.